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What is a Contract Manufacturer?

A contract manufacturer sources raw materials and manufactures cosmetic products on behalf of another company (the brand owner). This enables companies to create products without the need to obtain expensive manufacturing equipment and having to maintain them. Many contract manufacturers also formulate on behalf of other companies and test these products for stability.     …

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What is a Cosmetic Scientist?

A cosmetic scientist is any professional person involved in the science of cosmetics and toiletries. He/she may be a chemist by training, specifically responsible for the research and development of new products. This includes designing a formulation which is compliant with regulations and testing it for efficacy, stability, safety, suitability etc.

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What is a Cosmetic?

A Cosmetic Product shall mean any substance or preparation intended to be placed in contact with:- the various external parts of the human body (epidermis, hair system, nails, lips and external genital organs) or with the teeth and the mucous membranes of the oral cavity with a view exclusively or mainly to: – cleaning them, …

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What is a Formulation?

A formulation is a recipe for a cosmetic product. It contains a list of the materials (ingredients) to be used, the levels (usually expressed as percentages) at which they are to be used, and the method for making the product. It also specifies what the final outcome should be after making the product.     …

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What is an Emulsion?

Emulsions: Oily substances (this includes natural and synthetic oils, fats, waxes etc.) and water do not readily mix. However, with high energy mixing it is possible to disperse one liquid within another liquid. In an oil-in-water emulsion, oil is dispersed in tiny droplets throughout the external water phase. In a water-in-oil emulsion, tiny droplets of …

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What is an Ingredient Listing?

It is compulsory for cosmetics to have an ingredient listing on the packaging. This is a list of the raw materials used to create the product. The ingredients are listed in descending order of usage.  In other words, the ingredient listed first is usually present at the highest level in the formulation. This is a …

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What is Cosmetic Science?

Cosmetic science is the study and application of the knowledge of how to use, combine (and even create) raw materials that will achieve specific cosmetic functions in a safe as well as aesthetically appealing manner.   This would include areas such as oral hygiene, body/face/hair cleansing, skin care/styling, colour cosmetics, anti-ageing, spa treatments etc.   …

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What is Self Regulation?

Self regulation means that the cosmetic industry acts as its own watchdog to ensure that cosmetic manufacturers comply with regulations and requirements for cosmetic products. Companies and consumers can report other companies whose products cross any boundaries such as making unsubstantiated claims or using banned ingredients. Complaints are made to and investigated by the Advertising …

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What is Stability Testing?

Stability testing is the process of testing whether a cosmetic product will be stable for a given period of time (the shelf life)This means that the product will not change, separate, discolour or develop a bad odour to a degree that is unacceptable to the consumer, for a period of time deemed to be a …

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